Electrical engineers typically need a bachelor’s degree in engineering to start working in the field, however some research jobs require a master degree.
Employment is expected to grow at an average rate and the job outlook should be favorable for electrical engineers. The starting salaries for electrical engineers are some of the highest among college graduates. Beyond college, electrical engineers must complete continuing education throughout their careers due to ever-changing technology.
Using math and science, electrical engineers come up with economical solutions for technical problems. They use scientific advancements to meet consumer and societal needs through commercial applications.
Many electrical engineers develop new products. In the process they must consider several factors from specifying precise functional requirements, to designing and testing components, to evaluating the final design for safety, reliability, cost and effectiveness.
Beyond design and development some electrical engineers work in maintenance, testing or production. They may determine the cause of malfunctions, test products for quality or supervise production in factories. At the supervisory level, electrical engineers are usually in charge of major components or entire projects.
Electrical engineers use computers extensively on the job. They control efficiency, monitor quality, simulate and test system operations and produce and analyze designs. Also adding new principles to the design process is nanotechnology.
Electrical engineers design, develop, test and supervise electrical equipments manufacturing process. They may work with a variety of electrical equipment including electric motors, communications systems, lighting and wiring in buildings, radar and navigation systems, machinery controls and power generation, transmission and control devices used by electric utilities.
They may also design electrical systems for automobiles and aircraft. Electronics and electrical engineers are often confused and the term can be used interchangeably. However, electrical engineers usually focus on the generation and supply of power while electronics engineers traditionally have worked on applying electricity principles to control systems or signal processing. Specialization areas for electrical engineers include electrical equipment manufacturing and power systems engineering.
Earnings and Salary
For Electrical EngineersThe median annual salary for electrical engineers is $83,110. The highest 10 percent earned more than $126,810, the lowest 10 percent earned under $53,510 and the middle 50 percent earned between $65,720 and $104,060. Engineers as a group earn higher starting salaries than any other college graduates at the bachelor’s degree level. The average starting salary for electrical engineers is $60,125.
Annual Salary for Electrical EngineersOn average, Electrical Engineers earn $83,110 per year.