Importance | EXTC Engineering
List of importance for Second year | Sem 3 and Sem 4
Cauchy-Riemann Equation (Cartisian Co-ordinates) and constants
C.R Equations in Polar-Co-ordinates
Find Analytic function when real and imaginary part are given.
Find Analytic function when imaginary part are given.
Find Analytic function when U+V and U-V is given.
Find Analytic function when harmonic function is given.
Orthogonal curves (To find orthogonal tragectory means to find imaginary part equation)
Normal L.T - Standard form
Evaluation of standard L.T
Change of scale property
First shifting theorem
Evaluation of such integrals. (put exact value of s)
Evaluation of such integrals. (put the value of s)
Effect of multiply by 't'
Effect of Divide by 't'
Problems on simple Inverse Laplace transform
Methods of obtaining I.L.T
a) use of standard results
b) Use of shifting theorem
c)Method of partial fraction
d)Use of change of scale-property
f) Use of differentiation.
g)Use of Integration
Laplace transform of periodic function
Fourier Expansion for f(x) in Interval
Fourier series in (c, c+2l)
Fourier series of even and odd function(-l,l)
Half range series
COMPLEX FORMS OF FOURIER SERIES
Complex forms in (c, c+2l) and other intervals.
Orthogonal and Orthonormal
Fourier Integral theorem
Fourier Sine and Cosine Integrals
Scalar triple product
Volume of Parallelopiped
Volume of tertahedron
Vector triple product
Solution of Bessel Differential Equation: Series method, recurrence relation, properties of Bessel function of order +1/2 and -1/2
Bessel Fourier series of functions
A.E I - (Now Not in syllabus)
Chapter No 1 : Diodes
Chapter No 3 : Field effect transistors
Chapter No 4 : DC Analysis of transistor circuits
Chapter No 5 : DC Analysis of FET Circuits
Chapter No 6 : Small signal analysis of BJT Amplifier
Chapter No 7 : Small signal analysis of FET Amplifier
Chapter No 8 : Oscillators
D.E - (Now not in syllabus)
Chapter 1- Number Systems and Codes
Q. convert no systems
Q. write short note on the following - Wighted and non- weighted codes
Q. Sum based on converting
Q. Sum based on 2's complement method.
Q. Compare Binary code with BCD code.
Q. Design BCD to Excess-3 code convertor.
chapter 2- Logic Families
Q. Draw standard TTL 2 input NAND gate circuit, discuss its operation and draw its operartion and draw its transfer characteristics
Q. Explain following characteristics of logic families
(i) Propagation Delay (ii) Noise Margin (iii) Current parameters
(iv) Figure of merit (v) Fan Out
Q. write short not on the foillowing :- CMOS logic family
Q. What are salient features of CMOS logic family ?
Q. List various characteristics of digital ICs and explain their significance in brief.
Q. Draw CLOS inverter circuits, discuss its operation and draw its transfer characteristics .
Q. Write short note on : ECL logic family.
Q. Give TTL-CMOS interfacing.
Q. write short note on the following : Fan in and Fan out.
Q. For ECL and CMOS logic families define.
(i) NOIse MArgin (ii) Fan-in (iii)Fan-out
chapter 3- Logic Algebra and Booleana algebra
Q. Using Boolean Laws prove that.
Q. State and prove DE Morgan's theorem.
Q. Implement NOR gates.
chapter 4- Minimization Techniques
Q. Sum based on SOP & POS.
Q. Sum based on reduced Boolean equation using Quine McCluskey method.
Q. Sum based on Universal Gates.
Q. Minimized the following function Quine McCluskey method.
chapter 5- Arithmetic Circuits
Q. Design a full adder using 2 half adders. Explain its working
Q. What is half subtractor ? Explain its working.
Q. Design a circuit to compare two 2-bit numbers.
Q. Draw a neat circuit of BCD adder and explain its working.
Q. Write short notes on the following : One bit comparator.
chapter 6- Multipklexers and Demultiplexers
Q. Draw logic Diagram of 4:1 multiplexer and explain its operation.
Q. Design full adder using decoder with active low output.
Q. write short note on the following :- Multiplexer tree.
Q. Design a full adder using two 4:1 mux.
Q. Sum based on Bololean expression using 8:1 mux
chapter 7- Sequential Circuits- Latches and Flip Flops
Q. Do the following conversation of flip flops.
(i) JK to SR (ii) D to T (iii) JK to T
Q. Whart is difference between combinational circuits and sequentail circuits ?
Q. Draw JKMS flip flop and explain itds operation.
Q. Explain master-slave JK flip-flop.
chapter 8- Sequential Circuits- Latches and Flip Flops
Q. Design lockout free mod 12 up synchronous counter using using JKMS flip flops.
Q. Design a mod 6 rippel counter using T type flip-flop. Draw the circuits designed and output waveforms.
Q. Design 3-bit up/down rippel counter.
Q. DEsign lockout free mod 13 up synchronous using JK flip flops
Q. Write short note on : Asynchonous counters.
Q. compare Synchronous and Asynchronous counter.
Q. Design 2-bit synchronous up/down counter using T-flip flops.
Q. Design a synchronous counter using D type flip flops for getting the following sequence. 0-2-4-6-0. Take care of lockout condition.
chapter 9- Sequential Circuits- Counters
Q. Design 4 bit universal shift register and explain its working.
Q. What is shift register ? Explain any one type to shift register. Give its application
Q. Explain any one application of Johnson's counter
Q. Explain bidirectional $ bit Universal shift register.
chapter 10- Sequential Circuits- shift Registers
Q. Draw state diagrams of sequence decoder to detect a non-overtapping sequence 01100.
write its state table. find the equivalent states if they are present.
Q. Explain in brief 'state tables' and 'state graphs'.
Q. Explain Mealy machine and Moore machine.
chapter 11- Semiconducter Memories
Q. Difference between static and dynamic RAM on the basis of 4 parameters
Q. Determine how many address bits are required for a memory that has 1024 and 16,384 number of bits.
Q. Write short note on :- Sequential memories
Q. difference between EPROM and EEPROM.
Q. Draw internal organization of RAM and explain its operation.
Q. Obtain a 32x4 memory using 16x4 memory chips.
Q. Compare SRAM with DRAM
Q.Explain static ROM
Q. compare EPROM and FLASH memories
chapter 12- Programmable Logic Devices
Q. Design a ROM which will convert BCD numbers into 2421 code.Sum based on PAL to realize following 3 functions.
Q. write short note on the following :-
Q. what is FPGA ? what are its salient features.
Q. Design a PROM which will convert BCD numbers into Gray code.
Q. Sum based on PAL to realize following functions.
Q. Draw the block diagram of internal architecture of XC 9500 family CPLD and explain in brief.
chapter 13- Introduction to VHDL
Q.Give comparison between data flow, behavioural and structural modeling.
Q. write architecture behavioural of half adder.
Q. Write VHDL program for binary to Excess-3 code convertor.
Q. Q. What are the features of VHDL
Q. Write short note on : Behavioral style.
Q. Explain 3:8 decoder.
Q. Write VHDL code for 3-bit binary down counter.
Chapter-1 Analysis of DC Circuits
Q.)Determine current through 10Ω resistance for the network shown below.
Q.) Find the voltage across the 5Ω resister using Nodal analysis for the network shown in figure.
Q.) Using sours shifting and source transformation, find current I in the circuit.
Q.)Sum based on Ith dependent voltage.
Q.)Explain Millman’s Theorem.
Q.)Sum based on Nodal Analysis.
Chapter-2 Megnetic Circuits
Q.1)(b) Two couples coil have self inductance L1 = 10x10-3 (H) and L2 = 20x10-3 (H). the coefficient of coupling is 0.75. for the second coil with 500 turns and current i1 = 2 sin 314 t(A). find
i) mutual inductance
ii) flux in a first coil, and
iii) voltage induced in the second coil.
Q.) Explain parallel resonant circuit.
Q.) Explain co-efficient of coupling(k).
Q.)Sum baesd on Mesh Analysis.
Q.) Explain Dot rule.
Chapter-3 Time Domain Analysis
Q.) Explain step voltage response of an RL circuit.
Q.) Explain intial conditions and final conditions.
Q.)Sum based voltage independence.
Q.)Discuss in detail with appropriate circuit diagram and equations natural response of R-L-C parallel circuit.
Q.)Sum based on Input.
Q.) Explain step response of a series RLC circuit.
Chapter-4 Frequency Domain Analysis of RLC Circuits
Q.1)(d) Find Laplace transform of a unit ramp function.
Q.)Sum based on current’s
Q.) Sum based on Ith.
Chapter-5 Synthesis of RLC Circuits
Q.) Sum based on Polynomial.
Q.) Sum based on Polynomial are Hurwitz.
Q.)Sum based on Positive Real functions.
Q.) Explain the following realization technique for LC driving point admittance fuction.
(i) Foster-I-form (ii) Foster-II-form
Q.) Sum based on Foster-II-form and Cauer-II-form.
Q.) Explain causalty and stability.
Q.)Explain properties of positive real function.
Q.) Explain the following realization technique for LC driving point admittance fuction.
(i) Cauer-I-form. (ii) Cauer-II-form.
Chapter-6 Two Port Circuits
Q.)Sum based on Matrix.
Q.)Sum based on network parameters.
Q.)Sum based on open-circuit independence parameters.
Q.)Sum based on Parameters.
Q.) Explain T and ∏ representation.
Chapter-7 Radio Frequency Transmission Lines
Q.)Explain transmission line equation with derivation.
Q.)Sum based on Input independence.
Q.) Sum based lossless transmission.
Q.)Explain Transmission lines.
Q.)Explain Wavelength ,Velocity of propagation and Group velocity.
EIM - (Now not in syllabus)
Chapter 1 - Principals of Measurement
Q.1) (d)Eplain the following static characteristic
Q.1)(a)Explain the type of error and Remedies.
Q.1)(b)What is error.
Q.5)(b)Two resistance are specified as,
R1=36 Ω +- 5%, R2=75 Ω +- 5%
Calculate the magnitude of limiting error in ohms and on percent if two resistors are connected in
Q.1)(a)Draw and Expalin block diagram of generalised Meaurement system.
Q.1)(a)Draw and Expalin block diagram of generalised Meaurement system.
Q.1)(a)Draw the block diagram of generalise measurement system and explain its components.
Q.5)(c)Brief out classification of Errors in measurements.
Q.3)(a) Explain various types of error in measurement in detail.
Q.1)(b) Define Accurac, precision and sensitivity with suitable example.
Chapter 2 – Sensors and Transducer
Q.1)(a)State and expalin various requirement of tranceducers.
Q.1)(b)State the classification of transducers explain any two.
Q.1)(c)Difference between active and passive transducers.
Q.1(e)difference between NTC and PTC themistor.
Q.1)(f)Write short note on Thermistors.
Q.1)(c)Explain the Basics of sensors and transducers.
Q.1)(d) Explain Active Passive transducers.
Q.1)(e)Write short note on piezoelectric transducers.
Q.2)(a)Explain the construction and principle of LVDT.
Q.2)(b)A thermistor has a resistance of 3980 Ω at the ice point (0oC) and 794 Ω at 50C. the resistance temperaure relationship is given by equation RT = a R0 exp (b/t). Calculate the constants a and b. Also calculate the range of resistance to be measuredin case the temperature varies from 40oC to 100oC.
Q.1)(b)Difference between RTD and thermocouple.
Q.2)(a)State and explain various requirement of transducers and also state classification of transducer.
Q.5)(b) difference between NTC and PTC with Resistors, thermometerand themistor.
Q.6)(b)With advantages , disadvantages and application of thermistor.
Q.3)(b) With advantages , disadvantages and application of thermistor.
Q.4)(b) Explain the construction and principle of LVDT.
Q.6)(a)A platinum thermometer has a resistance of 100Ω at 25 C. if the thermometer has a resistance of 150Ω . calculate the temperature, platinum has aresistance temperature coefficient of 0.00392/ C.
Q.7)(a)Explain the construction of RTD and its advantages and disadvantages.
Q.1)(B) Astrain with gauge factor of 2 is fastened to a metalic member subjected to a stress of 1000 kg/cm2. The modulus of elacticity of the metal is 2*106 kg/cm2. Calculate the percentage change in the resistance of the strain gauge? What is the value of poisson’s ratio?.
Q.6)(A)Example Brief about classification of transducers.
Q.3)(b) Explain with neat diagram the working principle of LVDT. Give its application.
Q.1)(a) Define transducer and explain the classification of transducers.
Q.2)(b) Explain with neat diagram the working principle of LVDT. Give its application.
Q.4)(A) Explain in detai “Resistance strain gauges.”
Q.4)(B) compare the temperature trancducers RTD thermistors and thermocouples on the basis of principle, characteristics, Rangs and applications.
Q.1)(d)List various sensors for pressure and temperature along with their ranges.
Q.2)(a) Explain working of strain gauge and draw the expression for gaige factor.
Q.4)(b) Explain with neat diagram the working principle of LVDT. Give its application
Chapter 3 – Testing and Measuring InstrumentDec-2011
Q.2)(a)Explain the principle construction of electrodynameter wattmeter also state the error in electrodynameter.
Q.7)Write short note on any four.
a)Megger b)Hay’s bridge
c)Anderson’s bridge d)Maxwell bridge
e)Q meter :
Q.7)(b)Explain the principle construction of electro dynameter wattmeter also state the error in electrodynameter.
Q.2)(b)Describe Kelvin double bridge with block diagram and give application and limitation of Wheatstone bridge.
Q.3)(a)Explain the working of spectrum analyzer with their block diagram.
Q.4)(b) A thermistor has a resistance of 3980 Ω at the ice point (0oC) and 794 Ω at 50C. the resistance temperaure relationship is given by equation RT = a R0 exp (b/t). Calculate the constants a and b. Also calculate the range of resistance to be measuredin case the temperature varies from 40oC to 100oC.
Q.1)(b)with the help of block diagram and explain the Network analyzer and its application.
Q.2)(b) Describe Kelvin double bridge with block diagram.
Q.6)(b) Explain the principle construction of electrodynameter wattmeter also state the error in electrodynameter.
Q.5)(B)Derive an exppression for inductance measurement using Hay bridge.
Q.6)(b)Explain electrodynamometer type wattmeter.
Q.6)(c) Derive an exppression for resistance measurement using Wheatstone bridge.
Q.1)(c) Write the applications of Q-meter
Q.6)(b) Explain electrodynamometer type wattmeter.
Q.1)(e) List name of bridges for RLC measurement with proper classification.
Q.3)(B) Explain Kevin’s double bridge and its application in very low resistance measurement.
Q.6)(A) Draw and discuss Maxwell Bridges and its application for measurement of inductance.
Q.6)(B) Define Q factor and explain working of aQ meter for Q factor measurement.
CHAPTER 4- DATA ACQUISITION AND DIGITAL INSTRUMENT
Q.2)(b)Explain digital multimeter with block diagram and give specification.
Q.6)(b)Explain the pproximate data acquisition system with block diagram.
Q.3)(a)Explain digital multimeter with block diagram and give its specification.
Q.3)(b)Explain the pproximate data acquisition system with block diagram.
Q.3)(b)Difference between Flash ADS, successive pproximate Adc with dual slope ADC.
Q.4)(a)Draw and explain the dual slope integrator Adc and their advantages.
Q.5)(a)Write short note on digital storage scope.
Q.1(a) Explain digital multimeter with block diagram and give specification.
Q.3)(a) Difference between Flash ADS, successive pproximate Adc with dual slope ADC.
Q.4)(a) Draw and explain the dual slope integrator Adc and their advantages.
Q.7)(b)Difference between weighted resistor and R-2R ladder Dac, state explain specification of D to A convertor.
Q.1)(c) Explain the X-1/2 digit displays.
Q.2)(A) Compare and explain different types of ADCs
Q.4)(B) Explain the principle of operation of dual slope DVM.
Q.2)(a) Explain the principle of operation of dual slope DVM.
Q.5)(a) Explain performance characteristics of D/A converters.
Q.5)(b) Explain the significance of 31/2 and 41/2 digit displays.
Q.1)(C) General specification of Digital Multi-meter.
Q.1)(f) Significance of three and half digit display.
Q.3)(a) Draw and explain wighted resister network type DAC for 3 bits input taking suitable examples.
Q.4)(A) Explain dual slop integration type ADC with the help of block diagram and comment on its speed.
CHAPTER 5- OSCILLOSCOPE
Q.5)(b) Explain square wave testing of amplifier with block diagram.
Q.6)(a)Describe the dual trace and dual beam CRO.
Q.5)(a)Draw and Explain block diagram ofgeneral purpose CRO.
Q.5)(b) Explain square wave testing of amplifier with block diagram.
Q.2)(b) Draw and Explain block diagram ofgeneral purpose CRO.
Q.5)(A) Draw and Explain the block diagram DSO. Describe various modes of operation in it.
Q.1)(d) Describe various types of sweeps used in CRO.
Q.6)(a) Draw and Explain the block diagram of digital storage storage oscilloscope and mention the modes of operation of DSO.
Q.2)(B) Draw neat block diagram of CRO and explain its functioning, comment on role of sweep in CRO.
Q.5)(B) Draw and Explain the block diagram DSO. Describe various modes of operation in it.
CHAPTER 6- SIGNAL ANALYZER
Q.3)Write short note on didital storage oscilloscope.
Q.4)(a)Difference between ware analyzer with Hurmonic distortion analyzer.
Q.5)(a)Explain the working of spectrum analyzer with their block diagram.
Q.4)(a)With the help of block diagram explain Network Analyzer and it’s application.
Q.4)(b)Explain the spectrum analyzer with block digram? Also explain chacteristics.
Q.6)(a)Describe Harmonic distortion analyzer
Q.7)(a)Explain the application of spectrum analyzer and also state the specification.
Q.5)(a) With the help of block diagram explain Network Analyzer and it’s application.
Q.4)(A) What is the basics principle of wave analyzer ? Explain heterodyne wave analyzer with application.
Q.1)(b) Explain eith diagram principle of operation of frequency selective wave analyzer.
Q.1)(a) why wave analyzer is known as frequency selective voltmeter?.
Q.5)(a) Explain heterodyne type wave analyzer nd its applications.
- For logic families define : Propagation delay, Power dissipation, Noise margin, Fan-in, Fan-out
- Compare TTL & CMOS
- Compare sequential and combinational circuits
- State and prove De-morgan’s laws
- State basic theorems of Boolean Algebra.
- Give advantage and disadvantage of CMOS family.
- Prove NAND and NOR are universal gates.
- Design a full adder using half adders and logic gates.
- Write the VHDL code for 3-bit up down counter with negative edge triggered clock and active low preset and clear terminals.
- Write the VHDL code for 2-bit up down counter with positive edge triggered clock.
- Write the VHDL code for 3 bit binary down counter.
- Write VHDL CODE for full adder
- Draw the block diagram of internal architecture of XC4000 family FPGA.
- Compare FPGAs and CLPDs.
- Explain the block diagram of architecture of XC9500 CPLD FAMILY.
- Explain architecture and features of FPGA.
- Draw internal logic diagram of PLA.
- Compare synchronous and asynchronous counter
- What is shift register? Explain types of shift register. Give its application.explain modes of shift register
- Moore and Mealy machine models.
- Convert SR FF to D FF
- Convert JK FFto T FF
- Convert D FF to T FF
- Convert T FF to D FF
- Convert JK FF to D FF
- Classification of memories.
- Characteristics of memory.
- MASTER SLAVE JK FLIPFLOP
- Dynamic RAM.
- Static RAM
- Compare EPROM & FLASH memories
A.E II - Importance
Chapter No 1 : Frequency Response and Multistage Amplifiers
Chapter No 2 : Differential Amplifiers
Chapter No 3 : Integrated circuits Biasing techniques
Chapter No 4 : Power Amplifiers
Chapter No 5 : Fundamentals of OP-AMP
Chapter No 6 : Application of OP-AMP
Chapter No 7 : DC regulated power supply
Maths iv - Importance
Chapter No 1 : Calculus of variation
Euler's Langrange Equation and its solutions.
Independent of variables
Independent of differentiation of a variable
Find extremal (Types problems)
Chapter No 2 : Linear Algebra vector Space
Vectors in n-directional vector space (dot product, cross product, norm & Distance property)
Gram Schmidt Method
Chapter No 3 : Linear Algebra Matrix Theory
Prove Eigen values of Hermitian matrix are real
Eigen values and Eigen vectors
Functions of Square matrix , Derogatory and non-derogatory matrix
Chapter No 4 : Complex Variables-Integration
Taylor's and Laurent's series
Zero's,singularities,Poles and Residues
Cauchy's Residue theorem
W.T.P - Importance
Chapter No 1 : Basic laws of electromagnetic and Maxwell’s equations
Give significance for boundary conditions for electric field.
Boundary conditions - Short Note
Can you use CRO for the ratio of charge and mass of electron.
Solve the given Laplase equation (any equation will be given)
Write the Maxwell equation in the point form and integral form explain the significance of each equation.
What is magnetic dipole how does it differ from electric dipole.
Write the integral form of Ampere’s law and interprete the same.
Give boundary conditions for Electric and magnetic field for interface between good conductor and dielectric.
Prove that static electric field is irrotational and static magnetic field is solenoidal.
Chapter No 2 :Uniform Plane wave equation and power balance
Solution of the wave equation in the free space
Define intrinsic Impedance and find its value for the free space.
State poyntingtheorem .what are the pointing vector.
Explain scalar and vector potential.
Derive wave equation for good dielectric medium.
Chapter No 3 : Plane wave propagation.
Write a note on propagation of wave in different mediums.
Give the behaviour of wave for normal incidence in dielectric media
Explain the parallel and perpendicular polarization of wave.
What is depth of penetration.
Explain Reflection of Uniform plane wave at oblique incidence.
Chapter no 4 : Computational electromagnetics
Numerical problems based on FEM, FDM and MOM
Compare FDM,MOM and FEM
What are the advantages of using the triangular Mesh in the FEM
Give and explain various steps involved in finding characteristic impedance for microstrip line using finite difference Method.
Derive an expression for magnetic field intensity due to finite long straight element.
Chapter No 5 : Radio Wave propagation
Explain plane earth reflection on horizontally and vertically polarized wave.
Explain super refraction and tropospheric fading.
What do you mean by fading ?how it can be minimised ?
Chapter no 6 : Sky wave propagation
Derive relation between MUF and skip distance.
Explain Ray path and critical frequency.
Write a note on Ionospheric propagation.
M.P.P - Importance
Chapter No 2: Introduction to intel 8085 Miucroprocessor
Chapter No 3: Intel 8086 Architecture
Chapter No 4: Instruction set of 8086 and programming
Chapter No 5: Assembly Language programming and debugging
Chapter No 7: 8086 Interrupt structure
Chapter No 8: IC 8259 Programmable Interrupt controller
Chapter No 9: 8255 Programmable Peripheral interface
Chapter no 10: 8254 Programmable interval Timer
Chapter No 11: 8257 DMAC
Chapter No 12: ADC,DAC Interfacing with 8086 and its applications
Chapter No 13: 8087 Math Coprocessor and Multiprocessor system
Chapter No 14: 8086 Microprocessor interfacing
Design 8086 Microprocessor based system (specification will be given)
Chapter No 15: Advanced Microprocessors
Chapter No 1 : Overview of System and signals (15 Marks)
Chapter No 2 : Classification of Systems
Chapter No 3 : Linear Time invariant systems
Chapter No 4 : Laplace Transform
Chapter No 5 : Z-Transform
Chapter No 6 : Analysis of Discrete Time LTI systems using Z-transform
Chapter No 7 : Fouries series
Chapter No 8 : Continuous Time Fourier Transform
Chapter No 9 : Discrete time Fourier transform